The New York Times reported in response to the EU $5.1 billion fine that “Google argued that the European decision was an attack on its ad-based business model. … The arrangement, the company said, lets manufacturers compete with Apple’s iPhones and iPads, by making phones and tablets of various designs and prices, while Google makes money through its services.”  The July 18, 2018 article entitled “E.U. Fines Google $5.1 Billion in Android Antitrust Case” included these comments:

Google could ultimately decide to charge handset makers for using Android in Europe, a policy shift that could drive up the prices of some handsets.

The regulatory push in Europe might also influence others around the world to take a tougher look at Silicon Valley, he added.

Good news is that Google is appealing this stupid ruling!